Do’s and Don’ts for the Maintenance of Ponds in North Carolina
Pond Maintenance is a must for a healthy, clean environment for aquatic plant life, fish and waterfowl in your pond or lake. A little attention now helps with the ongoing maintenance of a pond. In addition, consistent pond management will save you money in the long run.
To help you make good decisions for your pond’s health, take a look at our Do’s Don’ts list for simple advice for maintenance of ponds.
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Yard and Landscape Waste
A smart tip to help you with pond care! Do not dump yard waste – grass clippings, mulch, brush, etc. – in your pond. As these items decay they contribute to the sediment level on the bottom of your pond, which in turn reduces oxygen levels and increases carbon dioxide in the water, which can promote the growth of algae and harmful weeds.
Remove any “human” trash such as plastic grocery bags, soda bottles and other material that aquatic life can get trapped in and lead to a less appealing pond or lake.
Fertilizing Close To A Pond’s Shoreline
Another factor in controlling weeds in ponds is managing fertilization near your pond’s shoreline. Algae blooms can be the result of runoff of fertilizer-based phosphorus and nitrogen. Extremely high concentrations of these nutrients can be the fuel for increases in algae blooms and other aquatic vegetation.
To help control the runoff of fertilizer into your pond or lake, follow these four steps:
Maintain a fertilizer-free safe zone along the shoreline of your pond. We suggest a minimum of 15-20 yards.
Do not fertilize on barren land, rock, cement or other hard surfaces near a pond. Without the ability to be absorbed the run-off factor increases significantly.
Only after a rain storm and several days before additional rain is forecast.
Don’t overwater grass near a pond or lake that has been fertilized.
Manage Fish Feed Quantity
If you feed fish, waterfowl, or other animals in or around your pond, manage the feed output based on the manufacturer’s recommendations. If not consumed, the feed will decompose in a pond and contribute nutrients to weed growth.
Only use food designed and manufactured for feeding fish and other aquatic life.
Adding Plants In Ponds
It is very important to understand which plants are appropriate for your pond. Research the plant life you are considering for your pond or lake. Several factors to consider:
Are the aquatic plants right for the size and depth of your pond?
Geography matters. Are the plants appropriate for your temperate zone?
Will the new aquatic plant life cohabitate well with current plant life and other inhabitants of your pond?
Is the plant considered a weed or will it benefit your pond?