Do’s and Don’ts for the Maintenance of Ponds in North Carolina

Pond Maintenance is a must for a healthy, clean environment for aquatic plant life, fish and waterfowl in your pond or lake. A little attention now helps with the ongoing maintenance of a pond. In addition, consistent pond management will save you money in the long run.

To help you make good decisions for your pond’s health, take a look at our Do’s Don’ts list for simple advice for maintenance of ponds.

Table of Contents

Yard and Landscape Waste

A smart tip to help you with pond care! Do not dump yard waste – grass clippings, mulch, brush, etc. – in your pond. As these items decay they contribute to the sediment level on the bottom of your pond, which in turn reduces oxygen levels and increases carbon dioxide in the water, which can promote the growth of algae and harmful weeds.

Remove any “human” trash such as plastic grocery bags, soda bottles and other material that aquatic life can get trapped in and lead to a less appealing pond or lake.

Pond Dye for Pond Maintenance

Tree Limbs and Yard Waste

Fertilizers contribute to noxious Algae blooms

Fertilizing Close To A Pond’s Shoreline

Another factor in controlling weeds in ponds is managing fertilization near your pond’s shoreline. Algae blooms can be the result of runoff of fertilizer-based phosphorus and nitrogen. Extremely high concentrations of these nutrients can be the fuel for increases in algae blooms and other aquatic vegetation.

(Read more about Algae Blooms their causes and the harm they can do)

To help control the runoff of fertilizer into your pond or lake, follow these four steps:

  • Maintain a fertilizer-free safe zone along the shoreline of your pond. We suggest a 
 minimum of 15-20 yards.

  • Do not fertilize on barren land, rock, cement or other hard surfaces near a pond. Without
 the ability to be absorbed the run-off factor increases significantly.

  • Only after a rain storm and several days before additional rain is forecast.

  • Don’t overwater grass near a pond or lake that has been fertilized.

Manage Fish Feed Quantity

If you feed fish, waterfowl, or other animals in or around your pond, manage the feed output based on the manufacturer’s recommendations.  If not consumed, the feed will decompose in a pond and contribute nutrients to weed growth.

Only use food designed and manufactured for feeding fish and other aquatic life.

Fish Feeder on Shore

Adding Plants In Ponds

It is very important to understand which plants are appropriate for your pond. Research the plant life you are considering for your pond or lake. Several factors to consider:

  • Are the aquatic plants right for the size and depth of your pond?
    Green Carp and fish pond maintenance

    Green Carp can help control aquatic plants.

  • Geography matters. Are the plants appropriate for your temperate zone?

  • Will the new aquatic plant life cohabitate well with current plant life and other inhabitants of your pond?

  • Is the plant considered a weed or will it benefit your pond?

Visit Our Algae & Weed Identification Page To Learn More About Algae & Weeds

Consider similar factors when introducing fish, waterfowl and other animal life to your pond. Fishing in your pond can add a great leisure time activity if you plan on using it as a recreational resource. Be sure to investigate what regulations might be in place in your state concerning the type of fish you can add to your pond.

Need help determining the right fish for your pond, Pond Lake Management can help, complete our assessment form or give us a call.

Check Your Pond Regularly For Weed And Algaes Growth.

Like most problems, the sooner you catch it and determine a solution the easier it is to fix – not to mention more affordable!   The same goes for pond maintenance. If you are noticing weeds and/or algae starting to overtake your pond or lake deal with it sooner than later.

Whether the answer to your weed problem is a manual solution, pond chemicals or another alternative, give a pond professional a call. Once your pond is overrun with plant growth it becomes a major project to get it under control.

Not sure whether your aquatic plant growth is a problem or not?  Consult our Algae and Weed Identification page for more information.

Healthy Ponds serviced by Pond Lake Management

Work With A Certified Pond Professional

Creating a healthy, aesthetically pleasing pond or lake takes work, consistency, and knowledge. Consistent pond management helps keep long-term costs down and makes upkeep easier, quicker, and much less of an ongoing challenge.

If you are serious about your pond maintenance we highly recommend speaking with a pond professional about an annual pond maintenance plan. If you need help in the Piedmont of North Carolina, Pond Lake Management can help with all of your pond maintenance needs.

To learn more about our Pond Maintenance plans click the button below. If you have an immediate need give us a call at 336.669.1016 and we will be in touch to help solve your Pond Management needs.

Additional Pond Maintenance Resources

Penn State Extension: “Water Quality Concerns for Ponds”

Global Seafood Alliance: “Decomposition and accumulation of organic matter in Ponds”

New Mexico State University (College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences): “Understanding and Preventing Fish Kills in Your Pond”

EPA: “The Effects: Dead Zones and Harmful Algal Blooms”